Given the rugged and hostile terrain and the likelihood of weather, snow and landslide hampering the to be determined activities, it was decided that the group with experience in the region from Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow, India, shall be given the advantage of deciding the transects for the program and the science experiments would be based around them. It was clearly brought out that the logistics requirements of the mission would drive the science objectives and experiments.

Transect I- Leh (base station)-Tirith, Nubra (camp)-Khardungla-Khalsar-Hunder Dunes-Panamik-Leh


1.Glacier sediments at Khardung La glacier; 2.palaeolake sediments of Khalsar and 3.Panamik Hot springs

Transect II- Leh-Tirith-WariLa-Shakti-Zhingral-ChangLa-Durbuk (camp)-Tangtse-Pangong Tso-Leh

(Transact II is a backup transect and will be covered in case Transect I and III routes are inaccessible)


1.Glacier sediments at ChangLa glacier; 2.palaeolake sediments of Durbuk and Tangtse and Pangong saline water lake

Transect III- Leh-Chumathang-Puga-Tsokar (camp)-TangLa-Leh (base station)


1.Hot water springs at Chumathang; 2. Sulphur deposits at Puga, 3. Tsokar lake/dry shorelines/; 4. Glacier sediments at TanglangLa glacier